Prostate Cancer Treatment | Cancer Research UK

http://youtu.be/gQeYUEj9i_g To find out more about prostate cancer treatments visit: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/type/prostate-cancer/ Watch more videos about prostate cancer treatments at the end of this video. This video explains what treatments are available for prostate cancer and the factors that determine what treatment a person might have. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK so it's important to know the facts. Dr. Vincent Gnanapragasm from Cambridge University talks us through prostate cancer treatments: Over 80% of men live for 10 or more years after a diagnosis of Prostate Cancer. I’ve come to Cambridge university hospital to speak with Dr. Vincent Gnanapragasam about some of the treatments that are available for this type of Cancer. So Vincent what are the important factors when deciding what type of treatment a person should have? The treatment options for Prostate Cancer are very much dependent on what type of cancer an individual has and also the patient themselves. So if a cancer is confined to within the prostate gland then we might be able to treat it with surgery or radiotherapy, but equally there might be a very slow growing tumour which we can just keep an eye on that. But the kind of cancer is determined by the size of it or the stage of a cancer, the type of cancer it is or the grade and also the PSA test. Now we use those 3 put together to create an idea of the risk of a particular individual dying of prostate cancer. What treatments are available? In general there is surgery to remove the prostate gland, radiotherapy where you deliver high intensity radiation beams or surveillance where we can monitor or just check on someone and defer treatment until later. So a number of different options then Vincent but how do you decide what one is best? That decision is left to the patient in consultation with his consultant or his nurse specialist and comes down to whether the patient feels that a particular type of treatment is best suited for their lifestyle and also the risks and side effects which may come about from that. And what happens when treatment is finished? After treatment is finished the patient enters a phase of very close monitoring and where they’ll be seen regularly in hospital often with a PSA test being done on a regular interval. What about for treatment of cancers that have been spread? When a cancer has spread beyond a prostate then the most common treatment is hormonal therapy and that serves to keep the cancer under control and many men can live for many years with that and if that should fail there are actually other drugs that can be used, chemotherapies which again can be very effective. Dealing with cancer is never easy and this is especially so when deciding about treatments. But of course it helps if you know the facts. If you or anyone you know has been diagnosed with Prostate cancer and you’d like further information visit the cancer research UK website or see the other videos in this series.