Pancreatic Cancer – Symptom, Causes & Diagnosis Pancreatic cancer Symptoms • jaundice, • pain in the upper abdomen or back • nausea and vomiting • change in bowel motions - either diarrhoea or severe constipation • Bloating, early fullness with meals or swelling in the abdomen. • Pale-colored stools. • Indigestion/heartburn • Fever and shivering • Malaise • Elevated blood sugars. • Itchy skin • Weight loss and poor appetite • Gallbladder enlargement • Blood clots Causes of Pancreatic cancer • Age: • Diabetes: • Genetics: • Race: • Religious background: ** Other reasons include • Chronic pancreatitis: • Obesity: • Diet: • Cigarette smoking: Diagnosis Computed tomography (CT) scan CT-guided needle biopsy: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Special types of MRI scans include: • MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), • MR angiography (MRA), Ultrasound Abdominal ultrasound: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS): Cholangiopancreatography Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC): Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) Positron emission tomography (PET) scan Angiography Blood tests Liver function tests: Blood test for Carcinoid tumors: Biopsy Percutaneous biopsy: Endoscopic biopsy: Surgical biopsy: